Self Help When the Dental Practice is Closed

Pain from teeth

Decay is a bacterial infection of a tooth. If the bacteria gets close to the nerve in a tooth, it can cause the tooth to be acutely sensitive. As the infection causing inflammation of the nerve gets worse, the ligaments holding the tooth in position can also get inflamed which causes pain on biting.

If the tooth is acutely sensitive to temperature, antibiotics will not fix this. The decay needs to be removed to allow the tooth to heal. If the bacteria has caused irreversible damage to the nerve in the tooth then a root filling is required or the tooth needs to be extracted.

To help manage toothache until you can visit us, there are a few things that may help reduce the pain:

  • If there is a cavity in the tooth, a temporary filling material can be packed in to this space. These temporary filling kits are widely available from supermarkets or pharmacies.

  • Anti-inflammatory tablets (NSAIDs) can reduce the sensitivity. A combination of ibuprofen and paracetamol has been found to be beneficial if you can take them both - however, there are some reports that Ibuprofen may increase the symptoms of COVID-19 so Paracetamol alone is probably best if you have symptoms. Make sure you don't exceed the recommended dosage!

    • Don't stop taking the anti-inflammatory when the pain stops (or it will come back again!)​ You are wanting to reduce the inflammation of the nerve in the tooth which is causing the pain.

  • Desensitising toothpaste ​such as Sensodyne Rapid Relief and protect or Colgate Sensitive Pro-Relief can help.

  • Anaesthetic gel such as Orajel applied to the area can help to numb the pain.

  • Clove Oil - This essential oil can be found in health food stores and you can apply it onto the painful tooth with a cotton bud. This works well if there is an exposed nerve due to deep decay but for it to work, you need to place it onto the exposed nerve​

  • Keep your head elevated at night time- When you lie down to go to sleep, the blood pressure in the tooth can increase which increases pain. An extra pillow at night time can help

  • Keep the area cold- reducing blood flow to an area will reduce the inflammation and pain. Do not apply ice directly to a tooth as this can increase the pain as toothaches are quite sensitive to hot and cold temperatures. 

If there is an infection - or swelling next to the tooth or pus discharging

  • Rinse your mouth with warm salty mouthwash to try and draw out the infection into your mouth. Dissolve a spoonful of sea salt in warm water and rinse around your mouth/ hold it in your mouth next to the infected area. Repeat several times until the pain subsides.

    • Never put heat externally on your face as this can draw the ​infection into the tissues in your face causing external swellings.

Pain from gums

  • If there is bacteria or food debris trapped between the gum and the tooth, this can cause pain.

    • Thoroughly clean the area with floss or a te-pe interdental brush​. You could put corsodyl gel onto the brush to help clean the area

    • Rinse thoroughly with Corsodyl mouthwash can help (but Corsodyl will stain your teeth so we don't recommend this for long term use)

  • If you have pain from around a bridge (teeth linked together) then we have some advice about cleaning

 

Pain from ulcers

Mouth ulcers can be a sign of underlying medical conditions such as iron deficiency so shouldn't be ignored. Any mouth ulcer which doesn't heal in two weeks should be checked by a dentist.

  • To reduce the discomfort, you can try a topical ansesthetic gel such as Orajel

  • To help with healing of ulcers, Gengigel can be effective as well as  soothing the pain. 

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Broken teeth

If a tooth or filling has chipped or cracked, this can cause sensitivity from the tooth being exposed or pain to your tongue from sharp edges.

The sensitivity can be reduced by rubbing a de-sensitising toothpaste onto the tooth or placing a temporary filling material over the broken corner until a more definitive filling can be placed.

3a Auriol Road, West Kensington, London W14 0SP

Tel: 020 7603 7255

ARK Dental October 2020

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